When it comes to birth-control methods, many couples depend on condoms and medicines. A majority of the couples do not even know about other alternative birth-control methods! People are too shy to talk about this, but playing with your body and health due to multiple pregnancies and other related issues is also not right. Everyone’s body is different. A birth-control method that is effective for one couple may actually be harmful to another couple.
We bring you 9 effective birth-control methods that are safe and easy to use:
1) Combination Pill (Mixed Tablets)
Combination pills contain both progesterone and estrogen. These tablets are only effective if taken at the same time every day. However, there are some side effects of having these pills. Side effects include nausea, vomiting, and hot flashes. If you decide to try for a baby, you can simply stop having these combination pills.
2) Progesterone-only Pill
Small in size, these pills are often referred to as ‘mini pills’. These pills only contain progesterone and like the combination pill, these pills have to be consumed at the same time every day as well. Women who are breastfeeding, diabetic or have heart-related problems can safely use this birth-control method.
3) IUD (Intrauterine Device)
An IUD is made from either copper or plastic. This small, curved device is placed inside a woman’s uterus. The best thing about this birth-control method is that with this device, you do not need to consume any birth-control pills. An IUD works for 5 to 10 years and if you want to get the device removed earlier, then you can easily ask your gynecologist to remove it for you.
A diaphragm is a dome-shaped device that is made from silicon. This device is placed inside a woman’s vagina and covers the area surrounding the cervix. This protective cover prevents the male sperm from entering the female uterus. A diaphragm should only be used in combination with a spermicide.
5) Contraceptive Injection
A contraceptive injection contains progesterone. The injection thickens the cervical mucous layer in order to prevent the male sperm from entering into the female uterus. One dose of this injection works for 8 to 10 weeks. This injection is a reversible birth-control method. However, it can take up to 1 year for this injection to become effective.
6) Contraceptive Implantation
This birth-control method takes the form of a 40mm tube that is implanted into the upper part of your arm. The tube releases progesterone which thickens the cervical mucus layer and stops the male sperm from entering the female uterus. Contraceptive implantation works for 3 years and is 100% effective.
7) Contraceptive Patch
A contraceptive patch contains both progesterone and estrogen. The patch works in a manner similar to the way in which a contraceptive injection works. Considered to be the easiest birth-control method, the contraceptive patch has to be changed on a weekly basis.
8) Vaginal Ring
The vaginal ring is a small and flexible ring that releases estrogen and progesterone. This method is also considered to be a safe birth-control method. This ring can be worn for up to 3 weeks every month. The ring should be removed during the remaining week so that the woman can easily have her periods. You have to be really particular about cleanliness when using a vaginal ring as a birth-control method.
9) Female Condom
A female condom is made from a soft plastic that is called polarathan. The female condom protects you from sexually transmitted infections/diseases (STIs/STDs), but it can easily tear. If used in the right way, a female condom is 99% effective as a birth-control method.
Note: Consult your gynecologist before using any birth-control method.
Image Source: NHS Choices, NPR, lifehealth.com, Netdoctor, Irish mirror, birth control online, family planning NSW, scoopwhoop.