Causes and Symptoms of Vaginal Thrush

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Vaginal thrush is a form of vaginal infection, wherein there is an increased growth of yeast  in the vagina and other parts of the body such as  the mouth and the bowel. This is commonly called ‘candidiasis’,  since it is mainly caused due to Candida albicans. Though vaginal thrush is harmless, the symptoms of this infection are sometimes hard to detect. Sometimes even a small number of yeasts in the vagina can also cause the appearance of symptoms of vaginal thrush. These symptoms must be taken care of. 



The vagina contains some good bacteria such as Lactobacillus and yeast for a healthy living. The fungus called candida is also present in the vagina naturally. When there is a change in the proportion of the yeast cells and bacteria,  a vaginal thrush occurs. The main factors that trigger an imbalance in yeast cells are: 

  • Pregnancy
  • Hormonal imbalance during your menstrual cycle
  • Poor immune system
  • Antibiotics that decrease the count of good bacteria in the vaginal area
  • Cancerous Tissues
  • Diabetes



Though  yeast cells are naturally present in the vagina, due to changes in the body conditions of an individual, the person may be prone to the following symptoms: 

  • Itching in the vagina
  • Irritation in the vagina
  • Vaginal swelling
  • Burning during urination
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Pain during intercourse


Preventive Measures

Though vaginal thrush is very common, and almost 75% of women face this in their lifetime, proper care is required to avoid this. If the yeast infection is left untreated for weeks, then it might end up with some severe symptoms. So you need to find ways to protect your vaginal area at the earliest.

A few steps to prevent the occurrence of vaginal thrush are: 

  • Candida fungus rests in warm places. So avoid wearing tight undergarments or jeans.
  • Wash your underwears regularly with hot water.
  • Don’t water your vaginal area more often than required.
  • Check your sugar levels and be in control.
  • Apply moisturizer as many times as required on the skin around the vagina.
  • Consult with your doctor for an antifungal prescription if you are advised to take an antibiotic.
  • Follow a healthy balanced diet with enough water and exercise.
  • Quit smoking.

Image source: pixabay, wikipedia commons

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