In our society, even today, talking about sex is a taboo and things related to it are considered a matter of utmost confidentiality. Women are especially very hesitant to talk about it. Married women if suffering from STD or sexually transmitted diseases (i.e. those infections/diseases that transmit from one person to another by sexual contact), often remain silent because of their reluctance to talk about this. This silence may turn a normal and easily curable infection into a complicated and serious health problem, which may take the form of a sexually transmitted disease.
If women take some precautions in their everyday life and become a little aware and observant about the changes their body is going through, such infections and diseases can easily be identified and diagnosed at the very beginning so that they don’t turn into something serious. Here are the various types of sexually transmitted diseases that are common among women and how their symptoms can be recognized:
The most common sexually transmitted diseases women are at risk from:
First and foremost, it is important to understand the fact that having vaginal sex with your partner is not the only reason to get an STD, but all other types of sex (including oral as well as anal intercourse) can transmit such diseases and infections. As soon as a person with a sexual disease establishes sexual relations with a healthy woman, the disease-causing bacteria or virus will enter the woman’s body. Also, the biggest problem with a sexually transmitted disease is that it is very difficult to detect it in the early stages and by the time it gets identified, the infection increases manifold and needs serious medical intervention.
The most common infections/diseases in women are Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Trichomoniasis, HIV, Genital Herpes, Hepatitis, Syphilis, and HPV (Human Papillomavirus) etc. If these diseases are treated in time, and under effective medical supervision, the patient can recover from them quickly. The best way to prevent the onset of an STD is to have safe sex.
The biggest challenge in identification and treatment of STD is the fact that the initial symptoms of most of these STDs are almost same, and the woman must meet a doctor for the required tests to identify the exact disease and its proper treatment. Awareness about the symptoms of STDs is essential to be able to identify the problem and get medical help in a timely manner.
For example, uncommon secretions from the vagina, bleeding after sex and excessive pain during sex are the main symptoms of Chlamydia, while gonorrhea is mainly spread due to oral sex and can easily be transmitted into the female urethra, uterus, anus, throat, and eyes. One type of Neisseria Gonorrhoeae spreads in the blood of the woman, which can lead to fever, pain in the joints and also wounds in the skin. The earliest symptoms of the most serious type of fatal disease like HIV and AIDS in many people are flu, body rashes, and sore throat, however, this can only be confirmed after a proper medical examination.
When a woman is infected by the Human Papillomavirus, warts or grains start to appear in and around the genitals, whereas in case of syphilis, a small red rash occurs in any part of the body from where the infection initially starts, usually genitalia, anus, tongue or lips. Trichomoniasis, which is a common STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection), is indicated by white, green or yellowish secretion from the vagina including an itching and a burning sensation in the vaginal area.
- Abdominal pain
- Excessive bleeding during menstruation
- Itchiness around the vaginal area and frequent vaginal discharge
- Excessive pain during sex or urinating
- Painless red wounds around the genitals
- Gentle red colored warts in and around the genitals
- Deep pains inside or around the vagina or anus at the time of intercourse
- Unusual contagious diseases, constant fatigue and exhaustion, night sweats and abnormal weight loss.
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