A woman has periods for nearly 40 years of her life. During these years, she may observe her periods to have a different color, flow or consistency. While at times, the period blood may be bright red, other times, it might be dark brown or black. Whatever the color of the period blood, it is an important indication of a woman’s health.
Here, we present a guide to ascertain what the different colors of period blood mean for health-
1) Bright Red
Bright red blood is usually seen on the second day of the period. This color indicates that the blood is fresh and the period is healthy. It does not mean that one is bleeding from a fresh wound, but that the endometrium lining is separating from the uterus as it should and is travelling down the cervix without delay.
If one notices bright red bleeding before the period due date, it may indicate an infection. When accompanied by pain and pressure in the uterus, it may point towards the existence of polyps or fibroids.
2) Dark Red
This color is seen when a woman just wakes up or stands after sitting for too long. This shade indicates that the blood had accumulated in the uterus and is passing out now. But, the blood had not oxidized yet. Dark red blood is usually spotted near the end of the period when the flow ends.
Brown or dark red blood can be observed at either the starting or at the end of the cycle. Brown blood that is thicker in consistency means that the blood has been sitting in the uterus and it took some time for it to flow out. Basically, the brown color is a result of oxidation with the oxygen in the air. The older the blood, the browner it would be.
Brown blood may also indicate lochia, which is the first period a woman has after delivering a baby. Though initially brown, lochia may become pink as it progresses and the body naturally gets rid of all the waste.
Brown blood may also imply a miscarriage. In this condition, the foetus stops developing, but stays attached to the endometrium lining for 4 weeks.
There is nothing to worry about if one observes black period blood. This, just like brown blood, means that the blood is old and has taken considerably more time to leave the uterus.
Pink blood or blood that is lighter or looks watery can be observed at the starting or the ending of the period. The light color means that the normal red blood has mixed with cervical or other bodily fluids to dilute its tone.
Pink blood may also indicate low estrogen levels, which is generally caused by taking birth control pills that are estrogen-free, poor nutrition, excessive training, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or peri-menopause. It may also indicate ovulation bleeding.
Orange blood may indicate implantation bleeding or an infection. Period blood appears to be orange because it mixes with the cervical fluids which changes its color.
When one observes grey blood mixed with bright red blood, it may be time to contact your gynecologist. The main reason behind grey blood is infection. It may also indicate a miscarriage.
Though, majority of the period colors indicate a good health, one needs to pay attention to the length of the cycle, any sort of discomfort during the period and flow volume. If an individual notices any sudden changes in these parameters, then she should visit the doctor at the earliest.
Image sources: Wikipedia