Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located in the back of the abdominal cavity of the human body. The most essential function of the kidneys is to filter the waste products from the blood and remove the toxins from the body. It also helps in regulating the fluid levels of the body. When the kidney stops functioning as it normally should, one starts developing various health issues.
In case of an improper function of the kidney, the toxins will not be filtered and eliminated from the blood and this will seriously damage the entire human body. Due to that, it becomes very important to identify the common signs of kidney damage and thus prevent further complications of this kind. If diagnosed at an initial stage, kidney problems can be dealt with ease. Here are a few initial signs of kidney problems-
Kidneys produce a hormone called Erythropoietin, which is responsible for the production of red blood cells which aid in the supply of oxygen to the body. In case of reduced red blood cells, a person may experience constant fatigue, lack of oxygen and anemia. In order to restore the proper function, you must make permanent changes in your lifestyle and diet and strictly avoid cadmium-rich products and drink lots of natural fluids.
2. Back pain
Lower back pain starts on one side first and then on both sides, usually felt more intense on the side which they sleep. Pain in lower back should be taken seriously as this is where the kidneys are located. When the kidneys get affected due to some reason, it causes pain in this region.
3. Swelling in arms and legs
Since the kidney is unable to filter the fluids present in the body, the fluid gets accumulated in various body parts such as feet, arms, face, legs, and ankles which leads to the swelling of not just the hands and legs but other parts of the body as well. It can cause eyes to puff up after a sleep. This puffiness around the eyes can be due to the fact that your kidneys are leaking a substantial amount of protein into the urine, rather than keeping it in the body.
4. Urinary problems
The improper functioning of kidneys leads to abnormal urine production. Frequent need for night urination or more urine than normal is a reason for worry. The color of urine can tell a lot about the health of the kidney. The color red/coke color can be due to certain food colorings or due to the presence of blood in urine which may be caused by obstruction to kidney flow by calculus in the ureter or due to some other kidney infection. Excessive bubbles or fizzy urine may indicate protein in the urine. Nephrologists mention fizzy urine to be a starting sign of an oncoming kidney disease.
5. Dry and itchy skin
Dry and itchy skin can be a sign for mineral and bone disease which often accompanies advanced kidney disease. When the kidneys are no longer able to keep the right balance of minerals and nutrients in your blood it makes the skin dry causes itching, flaking and sometimes discomfort. As time progresses, the build-up of waste in the blood makes the itching worse.
NOTE – Consult your physician before taking any oral prescription for itching. Some pills contain ingredients that could further damage the kidney. This could cause even more dry skin and alleviate other symptoms of the kidney disease.
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