The heart is the most important working muscle in the body. This continuously working organ, that keeps a constant supply of blood flowing in the veins might also need a little help at times. This situation arises when there is a disruption in the natural functioning of the heart and therapeutic intervention becomes necessary.
For example, if there is a problem in the coronary artery it might cause angina, pain and sometimes even cardiovascular conditions due to an insufficient quantity of blood being pumped by the heart. This obstruction occurs when the the natural flow of blood is restricted due to the accumulation of fat on the walls of this artery, which is also called atheroma. The inconvenience and pain caused by this blockage is termed as angina pain. If a blood clot is formed in the cracks of the deposited plaque in the atheroma, then the heart does not get blood according to its need and this causes a bigger obstruction in the artery. Due to this reason, one of the muscles of the heart either stops working, either to some extent or even completely which consequently leads to heart attacks. All these are situations when the doctor’s advice and help is required right away. If you have any cardiac problems, then knowing this can be of great help to you.
There are different types of treatment for heart diseases. Usually, a coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery is required to treat cardiovascular disease. Let’s briefly discuss the treatment of heart diseases:
1) Coronary Angioplasty
It is the process of clearing the fat deposited on the walls of the coronary artery and making way for the blood to flow. In coronary angioplasty, a device called “stent” is also used in the coronary arteries, depending on the type of blockage. Stent tubes are fitted exactly into the closed part of the artery so that it can be regulated to regenerate the blood flow again.
2) Open Heart Surgery
In some cases, after performing an angiogram, the physician may advise you to undergo coronary bypass surgery, which is also called Open Heart Surgery. In this type of surgery, the flow of blood is regulated by bypassing parts of the almost completely closed artery.
3) Heart Valve Surgery
It is the process of fixing one of the blocked valves. In this, the valve is either altered or repaired. Similarly, in pacemaker surgery, the natural pacemaker of the heart which controls the heartbeat is either replaced or repaired.
4) Position Control Using Medicines
In case of blocked valves, only medication can also be used to clear or reduce the obstruction in the arteries. Apart from this there are some new techniques which have come up, mainly- Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR), Drug Eluting Stent (DES), Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Vessel Closure Device (VCD).
After any kind of surgery, you will be kept in intensive care for a few hours and after that, the physician will send you home with information about post surgery care, medicines and urgent precautions. With regular medication and the right dietary regimen, you may recover well in a very short time.
Although in all the situations that can be alarming for a heart patient, such as shortness of breath, breathlessness, chest pain, swelling of surgery wounds, and frequent fever, you must always be very alert and rush to your doctor right away.
Due to the advances made in medical science these days, heart surgery is not really a big concern because most people can be completely cured of all the diseases of the heart. It is very easy for anyone to achieve this, once he has the complete information about the cardiovascular disease, proper diet, prescription medication and all those things which are harmful and need to be avoided.
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