Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease caused by the Aedes mosquito. This endemic disease is spread in almost 100 countries globally and can be treated effectively if detected early. Dengue, also known as breakdown fever, is a disease that usually starts with a mosquito bite and the symptoms start to show in 5 to 7 days time. It gets severe as days pass by so a proper understanding of its causes and symptoms will help you prevent or treat dengue at the right time.
Dengue is caused by the Aedes Aegypti mosquito. This virus cannot be transmitted from an infected human to another human directly. Hence, the Aedes mosquito does the job of transmitting the virus to a person from a previously infected person by biting them. So you need to get rid of mosquitos, in general, to stay away from this disease.
Usually, a person affected by dengue will see its symptoms appear after 5 to 7 days. During the first phase, the person might face a headache, fever up to 104 F, nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, an ache in joints, eye pain, chills, muscle pain, inflammation in lymph nodes and rashes that appear and disappear.
During the second phase, you might face a severe drop in body temperature and the third phase might lead to severe rashes all over the body with a sudden rise in temperature. Most of the time, an infected person is asymptomatic and can hardly recognize the signs of dengue until the disease is diagnosed by a doctor.
If the situation worsens, there might be a severe drop in the number of blood platelets in the body, blood pressure along with intense stomach pain and internal bleeding which could even be fatal.
Precautionary Measures to Prevent Dengue
You need to understand that dengue mosquitos are most active during early morning and during the early evening. So stay indoors or take the below-mentioned measures to protect yourself from these mosquitos:
- Apply a mosquito repellent all over your body and clothes.
- Use a mosquito-killing pesticide.
- Make use of vaccinations that are authorized and available in your city.
- Ensure there is no water stagnancy in and around your locality.
- Remove waste regularly and ensure it is not piled for days.
- Wear light-colored clothes as darker ones attract more mosquitos.
- Remove all means of mosquito habitat in and around your place like tires, flower vases, dustbins, and water storage containers by keeping them clean.
Image source: Wikipedia Commons, Flickr